University, Rise and Progress (formerly entitled Office and Work) of Universities, H.S., iii., 1-251;
—— Idea of a University defined and illustrated, (1) in nine Discourses, (2) in Occasional Lectures and Essays, read in Dublin, Idea, the whole;
—— a University, a Studium Generale, H.S., iii., 6;
—— defined by Johnson, 'a school where all arts and faculties are taught,' Idea, 20;
—— or which invites students of every kind, ib., 'a place of teaching universal knowledge,' Idea, pref., p. ix.;
—— defined 'a school of knowledge of every kind, consisting of teachers and learners from every quarter,' H.S., iii., 183;
—— teaches, as the Church teaches religion, not so much by the written letter as by the living voice, ib., iii., 7-10, 14, 15, 186;
—— Parliament a University of politics, ib., iii., 11;
—— the British Association of a University nature, ib., iii., 12;
—— the metropolis a sort of University, ib., 13-6, 50;
—— Athens as a University, ib., 18-23, 33-46, 81-8;
—— University of Paris, of Louvain, ib., 25, 26, of Oxford, ib., 27-31;
—— Dublin as a site for {150} a University, ib., 32, 52, 53; ancient University of, ib., 207-12;
—— a University starts from thirst for knowledge rather than from the patronage of the great, H.S., iii., 53-7;
—— Universities begin in Influence, they end in System, ib., 77;
—— Oxford once an instance of System without personal Influence, H.S., iii., 75, 76;
—— the Oratory of St. Philip an instance of Influence preferred to System, ib., 88, 89;
—— Athens for Influence, Rome for System, ib., 78 sq.;
—— the University founded by Ptolemy at Alexandria, ib., 92-100;
—— Roman schools for boys, ib., 100-3;
—— Roman schools State institutions, first of pagan, then of mixed education, H.S., iii., 151; Idea, 9;
—— Charlemagne not strictly the founder of the University of Paris, H.S., iii., 152-4;
—— Degrees, origin of, ib., 160;
—— in the matter of learning supply precedes demand, ib., 165, 167; Idea, 492;
—— start of Cambridge in a barn, H.S., iii., 172;
—— (University) Professors and (College) Tutors, H.S., iii., 181-91;
—— the professorial system fulfils the strict idea of a University, and is sufficient for its being, but not for its well-being: Colleges constitute the integrity of a University, H.S., iii., 182;
—— started by Professors, ib., 183;
—— students multiply and grow unmanageable, ib., 184, 185 and fight, ib., 188;
—— what a College is, altera Pergama Troję, a home, H.S., iii., 189, 190, 213-5, 234;
—— subdivision of members of a University into Colleges makes them more manageable, ib., 190, 191;
—— horarium of a Cambridge College in the olden time, H.S., iii., 219;
—— University and Colleges, ib., 233-9;
—— Universities and Seminaries, ib., 240-3, 249, 250;
—— a University for teaching, an Academy for research, Idea, pp. xii.-xiv.;
—— the good of a University for Catholics, ib., xiv.-xviii.;
—— without a faculty of theology, either no University, because not all knowledge; or if a University, then God no object of knowledge, Idea, 19-27;
—— an assemblage of learned men, zealous for their own several sciences, learning to respect and aid each other, this is the good of a University, Idea, 100, 101;
—— a liberal education the scope of a University, Idea, 111; what that means, 109-14, 151, 152; it means philosophy in the sense of the perfection of intellect as such, ib., 124-6; Apo., 287;
—— minds full of information, but void of organized, living knowledge, not liberally educated, U.S., 287-9; Idea, 135, 136;
—— the beau ideal of a liberal education, majestic, calm, Idea, 137-9; U.S., 291, 292;
—— the old Oxford and Public School education, value of, better than that given by a mere Examining Body, Idea, 145-8;
—— nay self-education than such a multifarious examination system, Idea, 148-50;
—— if a liberal education be good, it must necessarily be useful as diffusing good, Idea, 164, 170 sq.;
—— analogy of health, ib., 164-6;
—— a University teaches Law or Medicine, though Law or Medicine be not the end of a University course, ib., 166;
—— 'a University refuses the foremost place to professional interests,' Idea, 167;
—— the practical end of a University course, the training of good members of Society, ib., 177, 178;
—— summary of lectures on the Idea of a University, Idea, 214;
—— how Universities become hostile to Revealed {151} Truth, ib., 216-9;
—— a University 'not a Seminary,'—implies an extended range of reading, otherwise 'you have succeeded' with your pupil 'but in this, in making the world his University,' Idea, 229, 230, 232, 233;
—— a University lives in the faculty of Arts, the reason being that Secular Civilization is based ultimately on the Greek classics, Idea, 249, 256-61;
—— modern science as little apt to oust the classics as medieval science, Idea, 262, 263;
—— what the study of the classics will do for the mind, 'long experience has shown; but that the study of the experimental sciences will do the like, is proved to us as yet by no experience whatever,' Idea, 263;
—— religious knowledge, Church History and Bible, desirable in a Catholic University student, Idea, 375, 376;
—— relations between the Church and Society at large, list of points for a Catholic University student to know, Idea, 377, 378;
—— information here better than argument; the Irish boy who knew his Catechism, ib., 378, 379;
—— an evil to have the mind enlarged in every other direction but that of religion, Idea, 373, 374;
—— University sermons, nothing recondite needed, dangers of sensuality and unbelief to be kept in view, list of suitable topics, Idea, 414-9;
—— a special ethical situation not to be assumed without special knowledge, and even then to be dealt with covertly, Idea, 418;
—— no higher object of human enterprise than to set on foot and maintain a real University, Idea, 457;
—— not a caravanserai of arts and sciences, ib., but an empire which controls and mutually adjusts them all, ib., 457-61;
—— lectures, ordinary object to teach, extraordinary to attract attention; the former invite an audience, the latter an attendance; the former for hearing, the latter for seeing, ib., 490-3;
—— the aim of a Catholic University to unite intellect and religion in the same place and in the same persons: 'it will not satisfy me, if religion is here, and science there'; 'I want the intellectual layman to be religious, and the devout ecclesiastic to be intellectual,' O.S., 13;
—— 'a great University is a great power; but unless it be something more than human, it is but foolishness and vanity,' O.S., 58, 59.

Utilitarianism, 'the substitution of Reason for Conscience,' U.S., 184;
—— 'those who measure everything by utility should on their own principles embrace the obedience of faith for its very expedience,' D.A., 200;
—— 'Bentham's system has nothing ideal about it,' D.A., 262, 269, 292;
—— 'Bentham had not a spark of poetry in him,' D.A., 263;
—— utilitarianism in education, Idea, 157-76.


Vanity, or self-righteousness, comes of worldliness, P.S., iv., 67; of narrowing the field of duty, ib., iv., 68, 70, 73, 74;
—— religious vanity its own corrective, ib., iv., 71, 72;
—— a temptation of young souls, ib., iv., 73;
—— good men not proud of their manifest good points, why, P.S., vi., 262, 263;
—— the more practical, the less vain, P.S., vii., 251;
—— a liking for the praise of any chance-comer, P.S., viii., 179;
—— vanity of personal appearance, ib., viii., 180.

Vatican Council, 'my prima facie view' in 1870,—'nothing shall make me say that a mere majority {152} in a Council, as opposed to a moral unanimity, in itself creates an obligation to receive its dogmatic decrees,' Diff., ii., 303, 371;
—— 'if the Council terminates without any reversal of the definition, the want of a moral unanimity has not been made out'; 'if the definition is received by the great body of the faithful, then too it will claim our assent,' ib., ii., 303-5;
—— parallel of Vatican with Ephesus, ib., ii., 305-7, 372-5;
—— the moderation of the definition, 'the victory' of the inopportunist bishops, ib., ii., 375;
—— personal regard for Pius IX. in the Council, Diff., ii., 193;
—— 'no real increase' in the Pope's authority made by the Vatican definition, ib., ii., 342;
—— 'there are gifts too large and fearful to be handled freely,' ib., ii., 342; Apo., 268.

Venerable, 'means out of date and useless,' Ess., i., 227;
—— term generally applied to the old, its application to the young, to God and to Saints, M.D., 33-5.

Via Media, nature of, Apo., 68-71, 105, 106, 113-7, 120; V.M., i., pref., pp. xxii.-xxiv.; Diff., i., 157, 158;
—— 'neither Protestant nor Roman,' V.M., i., 7, 21, 194,195;
—— as brown or grey between white and black, V.M., i., 229, 130;
—— not Protestant, ib., i., 128, 147-53, 159-67, 245;
—— not Roman, V.M., i., 47 sq., 83-5, 106 sq., 143, 144, 212, 213, 265;
—— upholds a Church once infallible, but now confined to repeating the infallible decisions of past centuries, which are called Antiquity, and according to this Antiquity interpreting the Bible, the Creeds (Apostles' and Nicene), and the Anglican Formularies, V.M., i., 49, 50, 141-4, 153, 189-209, 233-6, 249-52, 260-4, 268-73;
—— 'Catholic and Apostolic, yet not Roman,' V.M., i., 20;
—— 'as an integral system, has never had existence except on paper,' 'has never been realized in visible fulness,' V.M., i., 16, 129;
—— though 'not practically reduced to system in its fulness,' yet 'it does exist, in all its parts, in the writings of our divines, and in good measure is in actual operation,' V.M., i., 23;
—— 'having no exact counterpart in early times,' V.M., i., 16;
—— sed contra, both Semi-Arianism and Monophysitism were a Via Media, and both heretical, ib., i, 16, note; Diff., i., 379, 387, 388;
—— 'a real view,' V.M., i., 213;
—— sed contra, 'real, as being consistent, not real in the sense of being anywhere exemplified,' ib., note;
—— its controversy with Rome upon facts, with Protestantism upon principles, V.M., i., 40;
—— between Reformers and Romanists, glory of the English Church, V.M., ii., 28;
—— more true to the Reformers than the great body of the clergy at the present day, ib., ii., 23, 30;
—— Via Media apparent in the Articles, ib., ii., 193;
—— Via Media has scarcely more than a paper existence, offence given by this statement, Ess., ii., 99, 100;
—— Via Media between Roman idolatry and Protestant schism, ib., ii., 370;
—— 'the actual English Church has never adopted it,' 'it has slept in libraries,' sunk with the Non-jurors, D.A., 18-20;
—— 'a substitution of infancy for manhood,' ib., 18;
—— Sadducees' position, D.A., 247;
—— 'a school of divines dear to memory,' Dev., 97;
—— middle parties, their views 'perspicuous and plausible on paper, yet unreal, impracticable, and hopeless,' Dev., 188, 315;
—— Anglicanism {153} essentially a Via Media between the mutual anathemas of Protestantism and Rome, Diff., i., 374-6, 378;
—— yet the Via Media is really nothing else than Protestant, Diff., i., 377;
—— 'its tendency in theory is towards latitudinarianism; its position historically is one of heresy,' Diff., i., 379, 391, 392;
—— absolutely pulverized by securus judicat orbis terrarum (S. Aug. contra Epist. Parmen. III., 24); Ess., ii., 35; Apo., 114-7;
—— 'down had come the Via Media under the blows of St. Leo,' Apo., 120, 149;
—— ultimately condemned by the Jerusalem Bishopric, Apo., 149;
—— 'the Via Media then disappeared for ever, and a theory made expressly for the purpose,' resting on the Note of Sanctity, 'took its place,' the four Sermons (1841-3), Apo., 150-5, 156; S.D., 308-91;
—— Via Media, a 'tangible principle for interpreting Articles and Liturgy,' L.G., 132-5; V.M., ii., 261, 262; Apo., 70.

Vincent of Lerins, his rule, V.M., i., 51, 73, note;
—— unmanageable, V.M., i., 54-6, notes; Dev., 10-27;
—— copious extracts from, H.S., i., 382-5, 387-90;
—— his treatise 'destructive to mere Protestantism,' as insisting on Tradition; 'fatal to the claims of Rome,' as subordinating Tradition to Scripture and omitting all mention of the Pope, V.M., i., 321-3.

Virgil, taken for a prophet or magician, his pathetic half-lines, G.A., 78, 79;
—— verse applied to the invisibility of the Church, hoc Ithacus velit, et magno mercentur Atridę, V.M., i., 332, note;
— to the ineffaceable beauty of the Church, et vera incessu patuit Dea, Diff., i., 239.

Virgin Birth, P.S., ii., 31; P.S., v., 90, 91;
—— praise of virginity in the Fathers, Dev., 407-9;
—— Mary Ever-Virgin, Ath., ii., 204-210.

Virtue, not difficult to cultivate single virtues to the neglect of the rest, P.S., ii., 282, or single dogmas, ib., ii., 260;
—— unstable without religion, P.S., iii., 40; D.A., 274, 275; U.S., 72;
—— 'we must seek it in graver and holier places than in libraries and reading-rooms,' D.A., 268;
—— a drear, forlorn state without something to love, Call., 132;
—— virtue, to all appearance, away from religion, Mix., 153-5;
—— natural virtue satisfied with itself, O.S., 18-25;
—— fervour the crown of all virtues, M.D., 597, 598;
—— prudence, justice, fortitude, temperance, S.N., 167-73;
—— virtues of this world, as such, insufficient for the next, ib., 191, 192, 323, 324;
—— the Gifts of the Holy Ghost, the supernatural analogue of the moral virtues, S.N., 332, 333;
—— Lord Shaftesbury's doctrine that virtue is mere good taste, uninfluenced by hope or fear, Idea, 196-201;
—— 'the Christian graces are far superior in rank and dignity to the moral virtues,' U.S.,

Vocation, God's hour, V.V., 66.

Vows, motive of, U.S., 131;
—— 'vows the wise defence of unstable virtue, and general rules the refuge of feeble authority,' Dev., 189;
—— very wrong to make private vows, S.D., 46, 47.


Waiting for God, P.S., iii., 26-8;
—— Jeroboam ought to have waited patiently God's time, ib., iii., 65, 66;
—— La Mennais, like Jeroboam, could not bear to wait God's time, Ess., i., 160;
—— we {154} Anglicans must bide our time, D.A., 32, 33;
—— 'there is a time for everything, and many a man desires a reformation of an abuse, or the fuller development of a doctrine, or the adoption of a particular policy, but forgets to ask himself whether the right time for it is come,' Apo., 259.

Warburton, Bishop, his Alliance of Church and State, makes doctrine depend on political expedience, Diff., i., 189-95;
—— maintains that Church and State each does essentially the same thing; why then the Church? ib., i., 202, 203;
—— 'recognizes the Church in order to destroy it,' says Whately, ib., i., 208 (cf. 205, note);
—— his Divine Legation of Moses, 'unreal,' G.A., 372, 373.

Warton, his line, 'revolving swans proclaim the welkin near,' no one would call this an inconceivable assertion, G.A., 46.

Whately, Archbishop, 'a vigorous and original thinker, whom none could approach without being set thinking also,' Diff., i., 204;
—— his relations with Newman at Oxford, impressed him with the Church and anti-Erastianism, Apo., 11-5, 384;
—— his liberalism, effect on Newman, ib., 14, 49, 382;
—— his Letters on the Church, Diff., i., 204, 205, note; Apo., 12, 13;
—— anti-Erastian, disagrees with Warburton, Diff., i., 204-9; but finds no adequate work for the Church to do, ib., i., 209-12;
—— Newman's correspondence with in 1834, Apo., 380-7.

White, his Bampton Lectures on Mohammedanism, purchased elegance of, Prepos., 100-2; Idea, 278.

Wisdom, Christian, in its human aspect much the same as philosophy, U.S., 282;
—— philosophical spirit, or enlargement of mind, instances of its acquirement, ib., 282-5;
—— what it is, and what it is not, not mere knowledge, ib., 287-9;
—— philosophy is reason exercised upon knowledge, ib., 290, 291;
—— philosophy cannot be partial, ib., 292;
—— system, the formal cause of philosophy, unsafe with inadequate knowledge, ib., 295; system a necessity of the human mind, ib., 296, 297;
—— in Scripture, 'Wisdom' sometimes stands for the Son, sometimes for created wisdom, Ath., ii., 334-6.

Wisdom and Innocence, S.D., 293-307 [see Life by Ward, vol. ii., p. 1];
—— sermon in 1843, defended against Kingsley, Apo., Note C, 310-22;
—— things in it printed, which were not preached, Apo., 312;
—— analysis of Sermon, Apo., 315-7;
—— the preacher's secret thought about himself and the calumnies wherewith he was being assailed, Apo., 317-9.

Wiseman, Cardinal, two pamphlets of, in defence of Roman superstition, Ess., ii., 368, 369;
—— visit to Ireland, H.S., iii., 255, 256;
—— insulting letter to, Prepos., 200, 201;
—— his Article in the Dublin Review for July, 1839, on Anglican Claims, Apo., 116, 117;
—— Newman's letter to him, 16 April, 1845, Apo., 180, 181;
—— letter to Lord Shrewsbury on Tract 90 as a basis of negotiation, Diff., ii., 14-6.

Witney blankets, D.A., 346, 347.

World, as a whole, unchanged by the coming of Christ, P.S., i., 84; P.S., iv., 154, 155; P.S., v., 137, 180, 181;
—— world's religion, articles of, P.S., i., 311, 312, 319;
—— 'making merry in the world because it is not yours,' ib., i., 334;
—— forgets its benefactors, P.S., ii., 5-8: its contempt {155} for the Church, P.S., iv., 178;
—— visible world, huge size of, ib., iv., 200, 201;
—— elements of the invisible, ib., iv., 202-9;
—— Christian above the world, ib., iv., 221-3;
—— the world 'a good associate, but cannot be an intimate, no Paraclete,' P.S., v., 324;
—— would reject Christ now as it did then, P.S., vi., 80, 81;
—— the world, (1) as made by God, good, but dangerous to us sinners, P.S., vii., 28-31, 35, 62-7, 71, (2) as infected by sin, ib., vii., 31-4;
—— the Church within the world, not separate from it, but in process of separation, P.S., vii., 36;
—— the world's praise, why the pursuit of it is wrong, ib., vii., 44, 45;
—— its ridicule, ib., vii., 46, 47, 55, 56;
—— God's servants, why disliked by the world, P.S., viii., 143, 146;
—— people who pride themselves on knowing the world, ib., 262, 263;
—— any wide acceptance of principles in the world proves their earthly character: Christianity therefore not proved by its mere success in the world, U.S., 41; G.A., 475, 476;
—— its attitude to the virtuous, U.S., 86, 92, 93, 95;
—— 'mankind at large neither wiser nor better than heretofore,' U.S., 102, 103;
—— world imposes on our imagination, ib., 122, 132; Idea, 514, 515;
—— peril of seeing the world, U.S., 123-9;
—— 'Church framed for the express purpose of meddling with the world,' Ari., 258;
—— 'is not the world in itself evil?' S.D., 79;
—— 'that confederacy of evil which Scripture calls the world is human society itself,' S.D., 80;
—— 'this is the world's sin, it lives for this life, not for the next,' S.D., 81;
—— man seems made for this world, some faculties of no use except for earth, S.D., 82, 83;
—— e.g. national character, S.D., 83, 84;
—— religion seems not made for this world, S.D., 86, 87;
—— the world Satan's kingdom except in so far as it is reconquered to Christ, S.D., 105-9;
—— expectation of the end in early centuries, H.S., ii., 434-9;
—— worldliness in Church circles, L.G., 256-8;
—— what the world becomes, when thoroughly given over to paganism, Call., 11, 113-5;
—— one thing the world has not, that is peace, Call., 353;
—— judges of others by itself and assigns worldly motives, Mix., 1-5, 184-6; O.S., 57; P.S., vi., 214, 215;
—— its gospel of salvation, Mix., 7, 15, 23, 40;
—— knows the power of nature, not of grace, ib., 58, 59;
—— the imposing presence of great Babylon, 'we are not sent here at all, life is worthless except we have our own way,' Mix., 105-8;
—— 'may not the free-born animal mind of the Englishman choose his religion for himself?' Diff., i., 24, 25; and go to perdition his own way? Diff., ii., 250;
—— world's view of religion, Mix., 147; and of concupiscence, ib., 148-50;
—— eternal enmity between the world and the Church, ib., 167;
—— the world's true relief,' ib., 185;
—— London, ib., 238-40;
—— world's standard of duty, e.g. for 'a minister of religion, decorum, benevolence, and some activity,' O.S., 24, 25;
—— waiting for Christ the opposite of worldliness, ib., 33-7;
—— takes for granted that just as much as it sees is the whole of us, O.S., 196;
—— human society? an ordinance of God, depraved, O.S., 271;
—— the world that sacred writers warn us against means 'all parties of men, lay and ecclesiastical,' O.S., 271;
—— the world wants 'a tame Church,' Diff., i., 187-9; Ess., i., 164; {156}
—— wishes society to be governed simply for purposes of this world, cares nothing for individual souls, Diff., i., 235, 236; P.S., vii., 5; Mix., 6;
—— world has its own scale of offences, which is not the Church's scale, Diff., i., 245-52;
—— three reasons why the world is no fit judge of the work done by the Church, Diff., i., 262-5;
—— a statesman saint 'against the interests and traditions of statesmanship,' Diff., i., 385;
—— the evil in the world points to some original sin, Apo., 241, 242; M.D., 458-62;
—— worldly advantages, Christian view of, M.D., 474, 475;
—— 'literal honest hate' of the world for the Church, S.N., 83, 84;
—— full of dead souls, ib., 121, 122;
—— 'the more society grows, the worse the world,' S.N., 177, 341;
—— will not outlive the Church, S.N., 224, 231; S.D., 101;
—— 'the world a creation of the flesh,' S.N., 233;
—— the kingdoms of this world no longer the Kingdom of Christ, ib., 248;
—— 'whenever the world looks imposing and likely to last, that is the most likely time that it will be brought to an end,' S.N., 275;
—— 'the world generally as little believes in God as in Catholicism: else the whole world would become Catholic,' S.N., 321;
—— generally destitute of faith, even while professing to have it, S.N., 322-7;
—— this gaudy world pales in the light of the consolations of God, V.V., 319, 320;
—— 'Christ will never reign visibly upon earth,' U.S., 97.


Youth, 'in our youth we are not sensible that we are compacted of gross terrestrial matter,' P.S., iii., 147;
—— 'has a natural love of the noble and the heroic,' P.S., vi., 317, 318;
—— silly imaginings of, inspired by Satan, P.S., vii., 214, 215;
—— corrupted by prying into evil, P.S., viii., 260;
—— peril of, going out into the world, U.S., 123-9; P.S., iv., 9;
—— vices of the young not simply attributable to circumstances, U.S., 142-4;
—— 'and hope having blown this large and splendid bubble sent it sailing away, and it rose upon the buoyant atmosphere of youth, beautiful to behold,' Call., 112;
—— 'alas! the next generation—young people, I fear for you' [17 Dec., 1876], S.N., 277, note;
—— the way of a man to evil from his youth, terminating in a judicial blindness, a malady unsuspected, P.S., i., 219-23.


Zeal, 'an imperfect virtue,' P.S., ii., 386;
—— Zeal of the Law, Love of the Gospel, Love perfects Zeal, P.S., ii., 387;
—— Christian zeal not political, ib., ii., 389;
—— Jewish zeal a pattern for Christians, P.S., iii., 172 sq.;
—— zeal described, ib., 175, 182;
—— calls for purity, V.V., 67;
—— begins in silent thought and fear, ib., 170.

Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra, patroness of Paul of Samosata, Ari., 4, 5;
—— favoured Eclecticism, ib., 115;
—— Isaurians formed part of her empire, H.S., ii., 256.

Zenzelius, canonist, his phrase, 'our Lord God the Pope,' Ess., ii., 128.

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