C (continued)


Church of the Fathers, H.S., i., 333-446; H.S., ii., 1-206.

Church Missionary Society (A.D. 1830), 'Suggestions in behalf of,' a Letter circulated in Oxford to the effect that the Society should be under the Bishops, V.M., ii., 1-16;
—— Newman, secretary to the Oxford Branch, did not move 254 amendments, ib., ii., 3-7;
—— differs from the Bible Society in not co-operating with heretics, nor recognizing Dissenters as on a footing with the Church, ib., ii., 13.

Cicero, H.S., i., 245-300;
—— the first Roman who rose to the highest offices by his merits as a civilian, ib., 247;
—— 'always too confident, or too dejected,' ib., 251;
—— 'as little of a great statesman as of a great commander,' ib., 256;
—— 'never took an important step without afterwards repenting of it,' ib., 251;
—— 'antiquity may be challenged to produce a man more virtuous, more perfectly amiable,' ib., 256;
—— his industry, ib., 261, 262;
—— not unlike Addison, ib., 263, note, 300, note;
—— an eclectic in philosophy, ib., 272, 273;
—— his sayings on God and on the immortality of the soul, ib., 273, 274;
—— his dislike of the Epicureans, ib., 274;
—— literary skill of his philosophical dialogues, ib., 276, 277;
—— his works on rhetoric, ib., 278-82; De Legibus, De Republica, ib., 283, 284; De Finibus, Tusculan Questions, ib., 285, 286; De Natura Deorum, the most splendid of all his works, ib., 287;
—— defects and merits of his oratory, ib., 291-5;
—— wisely avoided the simple Attic style, unsuitable in a language so defective as Latin, ib., 295, 296;
—— 'they (Livy, Tacitus, etc.) write Latin, Cicero writes Roman,' Idea, 281, 282;
—— 'the greatest master of composition that the world has seen,' H.S., i., 297.

Civilization, 'gives men refined wishes, and sets them on gratifying them,' P.S., viii., 174, 175;
—— apart from religion, P.S., i., 30, 33, 311, 312; Idea, 201-11;
—— not the Church's business, P.S., iv., 160, 161; Idea, 203; Diff., i., 235-44;
—— not Christianity, U.S., 40-2, 102, 103 {43} though 'Christianity is ever civilization, so far as its influence prevails,' H.S., i., 165;
—— 'Christianity is the religion of civilization,' because it is open to all mankind, and recognizes all true progress, H.S., i., 200-2;
—— Mediterranean civilization, the central civilization of mankind, and main seat of Christianity, Idea, 250-5;
—— the Church has had 'a principal part in the civilization of human kind,' G.A., 445;
—— civilized States destroyed from within, H.S., i., 162, 170-4; 'civilized States ever tend to substitute objects of sense for objects of imagination,' H.S., i., 170;
—— 'the systematic use, improvement, and combination of those faculties which are his (man's) characteristic,' H.S., i., 165;
—— the barbarian, capricious, unprogressive, H.S., i., 163, 164, 183-6; 'barbarism a principle, not of society, but of isolation,' H.S., i., 166; 'objects, not proveable, but vivid and imposing, the bond which keeps its (barbarism's) members together,' H.S., i., 171;
—— 'can a civilized State become barbarian? can a barbarian State ever become civilized?' H.S., i., 178-80;
—— Chinese civilization, H.S., i., 176, 177, 181;
—— 'the very causes which lead to the greatness of civilized communities, at length by continuing become their ruin,' H.S., i., 207, 208;
—— some nations civilized by conquering, others by being conquered, H.S., iii., 288, 289;
—— civilization built on the Greek classics, preserved in Roman literature, Idea, 256-61;
—— 'Jerusalem the fountain-head of religious knowledge as Athens of secular,' both streams meet in Rome, Idea, 264, 265;
—— an out-and-out pagan civilization, Call., 11, 42-9, 113-5;
—— man at his worst, a pagan mob, Call., 178-95;
—— savagery a consequence of original sin, V.V., 355, 356.

Clergy, their part in politics, P.S., i., 158, 159; participation in politics a duty, not a privilege, P.S., ii., 352; P.S., iii., 204, 205, 216, 217; religion in some sense political, ib., iii, 212, 213; Ari., 258, 259;
—— the clergyman a warning of the next world, P.S., viii., 147;
—— dislike of clergymen, ib., viii., 147-9;
—— the clergyman's work is heavenly, and to it he gives himself wholly, ib., viii., 170;
—— clergy and marriage, V.M., ii., 327; L.G., 192, 193;
—— endowment or the voluntary system? Ess., i., 341.

Coleridge, Aids to Reflection, quotes Leighton on the use of adjectives with negative prefix, G.A., 304, 305.

Comforts, thankfulness for, P.S., v., 270-80;
—— an obstacle to the love of God, ib., v., 337; P.S., vi., 30; P.S., vii., 98;
—— comfortable sittings in church, V.M., ii., 39; Ess., i., 350, 351;
—— 'true faith does not covet comforts: it only complains when it is forbidden to kneel, when it reclines upon cushions, is protected by curtains, and encompassed by warmth,' P.S., v., 2;
—— 'Christ threw away comforts,' S.N., 100;
—— 'a sober mind never enjoys God's blessings to the full,' P.S., i., 174;
—— 'He almost enjoins upon us the use of some, lest we should forget that this earth is of His creation, and not of the evil one,' S.D., 124;
—— 'real and recurring blessings of life,' G.A., 401;
—— Christmas comforts, S.N., 260-2;
—— Bacon's mission, increase of social comfort, 'heroism after all was not his philosophy,' Idea, 118, 119.

Comparative Religion, Milman on, {44} Ess., ii., 197, 199, 204, 209, 231, 235-40;
—— key principle, the characteristic of Revelation is addition, not substitution: God has scattered the seeds of truth far and wide over the earth, and the Church has gathered in their increase, Ess., ii., 194, 195, 231-3;
—— 'the Church on visitation through the earth, sifting, selecting, refining,' D.A., 211, 212, note; and assimilating, Dev., 355, 356.

Comprehensiveness, evils of, Ari., 147-9;
—— 'no two opinions so contrary but some form of words may be found vague enough to comprehend them both,' ib., 148;
—— in Church of England, L.G., 70, 71, 80-5.

Comtism, theory of three periods, U.S., 150, 151; H.S., ii., 367, 368;
—— what Comte said of the medieval Church being a blessing in its day will be said in ages to come of the Church of the nineteenth century, Idea, 517.

Confession, made obligatory, an obstacle to communion with Rome, V.M., ii., 108, note;
—— as it is in fact, Protestant view of it, Prepos., 350-2;
—— not the individual confessor, but the Catholic Church, does interpose between man and his God, and such interference is wanted, S.N., 10-2, 53, 54;
—— utterance, great relief, S.N., 199, 200;
—— the confessor cannot do what he will, but is bound by sundry laws, S.N., 10, 11;
—— absolution, V.V., 83, 84.

Confirmation, 'no one wilfully resists the Ordinance, but will thereby be visibly a worse Christian,' P.S., ii., 78;
—— timely reception of, 'let them not get too old,' P.S., iv., 62-5;
—— an Anti-Protestant service, V.M., ii., 42, 43;
—— Gifts of the Holy Ghost given in, S.N., 332, 333.

Conservatism, a Conservative, 'a man who is at the top of the tree, and knows it, and means never to come down,' H.S., iii., 131, 132;
—— 'to prefer the establishment of religion to its purity, is Conservatism,' H.S., iii., 132, 133;
—— the opposite to detachment, ib., 130, 133;
—— old men conservative, ib., 134, 140.

Conscience, 'natural,' 'our instinctive sense of right and wrong,' P.S., i., 216, 217, 219;
—— 'Reason is set against Conscience and usurps its power,' ib., i., 219 sq.;
—— 'a stern, gloomy principle,' 'its effect is to burden and sadden the religious mind,' P.S., i., 312; G.A., 390, 391; O.S., 67;
—— misery of a bad conscience, P.S., v., 147, 148;
—— not every conscience illuminated by God, ib., v., 226, 234;
—— testimony of conscience in godly sincerity implies a willingness to let go our old selves and suffer God to change us, ib., v., 237, 241; instances of the lack of this, ib., v., 242-7;
—— conscience 'incites us to a noble faith in what we cannot see,' P.S., vi., 339, 340;
—— led by conscience, one 'will learn from experience the doctrine of original sin, before he knows the actual name of it,' P.S., viii, 116, 117;
—— 'the Gospel the completion and perfection of that religion which natural conscience teaches,' P.S., viii., 120, 202; O.S., 64-8; G.A., 417, 418, 423, 487;
—— 'the Christian's faith and obedience are not the same religion as that of natural conscience, as being some way beyond it,' P.S., viii., 202;
—— Adam and Eve 'lost Eden, and they gained a conscience,' P.S., viii., 258;
—— 'since the inward law of Conscience brings with it no proof of its truth,' habitual obedience to it {45} 'implies the exercise of a vigorous faith in the truth of its suggestions, quieting the murmurs of Reason,' U.S., 19;
—— 'implies a relation between the soul and a something exterior, and that, moreover, superior to itself,' U.S., 18;
—— deference to, perverted into deference to our own judgment, U.S., 172; Diff., ii., 250;
—— 'a simple element in our nature, yet its operations admit of being surveyed and scrutinized by Reason,' U.S., 183;
—— 'there are those who make excuse for stifling an enquiry which conscience tells them they ought to pursue,' Ess., i., 217-220;
—— 'more imperative in enforcing duty than successful in determining duty in particular cases,' Dev., 361;
—— 'the State ought to have a conscience,' Diff., ii., 267;
—— three substitutes for Conscience: Human Law, Expediency, Beauty, H.S., iii., 79, 80;
—— 'Conscience is pronounced superannuated and retires on a pension,' ib., 79;
—— Conscience confounded with what is called a moral sense, a mere self-respect and self-contemplation, Idea, 191-3, 199, 200;
—— injunctions of Conscience, awful, delicate apparitions, how they vanish and come back again, Idea, 514, 515;
—— witness to the being of a God, Call., 314; Apo., 198; M.D., 496; S.N., 187; G.A., 104-18, 389-91; P.S., ii., 18; Mix., 152;
—— like a clock, needs regulating, G.A., 233, 234 left to itself, becomes wavering, ambiguous, and false, Mix., 83, 84;
—— man has reason and conscience by nature, not by grace, ib., 151, 152;
—— natural conscience would lead a man on, but generally does not, O.S., 20, 21;
—— conscience, pointing to God, to man's ignorance and sinfulness, puts some minds on the lookout for a revelation, O.S., 64-9; G.A., 390, 391, 423; H.S., iii., 79;
—— a broad distinction between reason and conscience; the latter the safer guide, the former may be the clearer, nay even the truer, Apo., 359;
—— 'the temptation of substituting reason for conscience,' Apo., 316; the substitution of reason for conscience is utilitarianism, U.S., 184;
—— conscience as 'a mere sort of sense of propriety,' conscience as 'the echo of God's voice'; 'the first way is not of faith, the second is of faith,' S.N., 327; G.A., 105, 106; Mix., 151, 152;
—— conscience the law of God as apprehended in the minds of individual men, Diff., ii., 247;
—— not a judgment on any speculative truth, but bears immediately upon something to be done or not done, ib., 256;
—— never lawful to go against conscience, not even against an erroneous conscience, Diff., ii., 247, 259, 260; Ess., i., 217;
—— cannot be 'resolved into any combination of principles more elementary than itself,' Diff., ii., 248;
—— 'the internal witness of both the existence and the law of God,' ib.;
—— 'the aboriginal Vicar of Christ, a prophet in its informations, a monarch in its peremptoriness, a priest in its blessings and anathemas,' Diff., ii., 248, 249;
—— 'I shall drink—to the Pope, if you please—still to Conscience first, and to the Pope afterwards,' Diff., ii., 258, 261;
—— Conscience set aside by philosophy, 'as though the very notion of responsibility were irrational in that infinite eternal network of cause and effect in which we helplessly {46} lie,' Diff., ii., 249;
—— conscience in the popular mind, 'the right of acting according to judgment or humour, without any thought of God at all,' Diff., ii., 250;
—— 'conscience is a stern monitor, but in this century it has been superseded by a counterfeit, the right of self-will,' ib.;
—— papal condemnation of liberty of conscience falls on liberty of conscience falsely so called, Diff., ii., 251, 252, 273-5; Papacy presupposes the natural light of conscience, also the insufficiency of that light, ib., 252-4;
—— locus classicus on Conscience, G.A., 105-18; Diff., ii., 246-61;
—— 'Conscience has both a critical and a judicial office,' 'it is a moral sense and a sense of duty,' G.A., 105, 106;
—— answer to such as see no more in conscience than a taste or association, G.A., 122-4;
—— atheist view of conscience, G.A., 246;
—— internal teacher of natural religion, G.A., 389-91.

Constantine the Great, our benefactor, Ari., 242;
—— a statesman, not a theologian, more anxious for concord than for orthodoxy, ib., 242-4;
—— his Edict of Milan (A.D. 313), ib., 245;
—— forcibly represses Donatists and other Sectaries, ib., 245, 246;
—— his letter to Alexander and Arius, ib., 247-9; Diff., i., 382-5; G.A., 142, 143;
—— puts pressure upon Arian bishops, Ari., 255, 256;
—— his vision of the Cross and testimony thereof to Eusebius, Mir., 271-84;
—— at Nica, Ath., i., 55, 56; Ath., ii., 184; Diff., ii., 201.

Contemplative Life, Martha to 'minister with the Angels,' Mary to 'adore with the Seraphim,' P.S., iii., 322;
—— with Mary, the aged and the children, ministers of the altar, the unmarried, the spirits of the just made perfect, ib., 322-6;
—— the better part, ib., 326, 327;
—— the strength of the Church, ib., 331-3.

Contradictions, 'arise from the want of depth in our minds to master the whole truth,' P.S., v., 48;
—— holiness a seeming union of contradictions, ib., v., 67; P.S., vii., 12; P.S., viii., 99, 100;
—— apparent contradictions about space, time, mathematical lines, and so about religion and science: various professors must go on quietly in a neighbourly way, awkward appearances notwithstanding, with full faith in the consistency of that multiform truth which they hold between them, Idea, 463-5;
—— in seeming contradictions between science and revelation, the point will turn out to be either 'not proved, or not contradictory, or not contradictory to anything really revealed,' e.g. Copernicanism, ib., 467.

Controversy, use of hard names in, V.M., i., pref., pp. xxvii., xxviii.; V.M., ii., 158, 159, 178;
—— on sacred subjects almost an irreverence, Ari., 136, 137;
—— Whately on the laws of controversy excluding ridicule and insult, Prepos., 201, 202;
—— laws grossly violated by the Protestant agitation of 1850, ib., 200, 201, 203-7;
—— ridicule of individuals, permissible in a free country, Prepos., 203, 204;
—— rule among gentlemen to accept an adversary's denial, Prepos., 226; Apo., pref., ix., x.;
—— 'no one seems to look for any great devotion or fervour in controversialists, writers on Christian Evidences, theologians, and the like,' G.A., 216;
—— 'as we advance in perception of the Truth, we all become less fitted to be controversialists,' {47} V.M., i., 69;
—— 'those who are certain of a fact are indolent disputants,' G.A., 201-3.

Conversion (in the spiritual sense), not usually a clearly marked date, P.S., iii., 90;
—— an unconditional surrender, ib., iii., 96, 97;
—— how is he to know he is forgiven? ib., iii., 99, cf. 97;
—— 'one never can be sure of a new convert,' ib., iii., 341;
—— sudden conversion not to be looked for by those at present living in sin, P.S., viii., 211-3;
—— a conversion not of God marked by instability, ib., viii., 222; by moroseness, ib., viii., 223;
—— true conversions not so sudden as they seem, ib., viii., 225-7;
—— an a priori view of the unconverted state as one of Pelagian self-righteousness, Ess., i., 395-8;
—— story of a conversion, Call., 165, 166;
—— charity needed for conversion, Mix., 80-1;
—— Newman's conversion in boyhood, Apo., 4.

Conversion (in the theological sense), a convert in favour with no party, Ess., ii., 338, 339;
—— votaries of private judgment angry at a conversion, ib., ii, 340;
—— wrong motives of conversion, ib., ii., 343;
—— apology of recent converts (1846), Ess,, ii., 424-7;
—— conversion positive, not negative, not by being unclothed, but clothed upon, profectus fidei, non permutatio, D.A., 200; Dev., 200, 201; Call., 291; Apo., 49-52; G.A., 245-51;
—— converts not to be hurried nor accused of motives, L.G., 112, 113;
—— a convert's experience, ib., 186;
—— silent ripening of a conversion, ib., 202, 203;
—— wrong way of conversion by criticism, such converts 'criticize themselves out of it again,' ib., 205;
—— due delay, L.G., 334, 335;
—— final decision and its cost, ib., 341-7, 369, 372;
—— conversion a question of salvation, ib., 367;
—— moral certainty before conversion, L.G., 384, 385;
—— 'pride treading down faith and conviction,' Call., 164, 165;
—— clear and fearless confidence consequent upon conversion, Mix., 179, 180, 187;
—— attitude to converts of the communion they have left, Mix., 179, 182, 183;
—— stages of conversion, ib., 188, 189;
—— advice to persons in the first stage of conversion, Mix., 231-5;
—— a surprise, O.S., 56;
—— intellectual difficulties in the way, Diff., i., pref., pp. ix.-xi.;
—— converts apt to fail in consistency, S.N., 321;
—— 'the convert comes, not only to believe in the Church, but also to trust and obey her priests, and to conform himself in charity to her people,' Diff., ii., 19;
—— not debarred for ever from writing and taking sides in an open question in religion, ib., ii., 19, 20;
—— typical argumentative process of conversion, G.A., 288-91;
—— of a lapsed convert 'the world will say that he has lost his certitude of the divinity of the Catholic faith, but he never had it,' G.A., 247, 248.

Convocation of Canterbury, H.S., iii., 341-421;
—— its constitution, ib., 341;
—— prorogued A.D. 1717-1835, ib., 342;
—— its fortunes under William III., controversies between Wake and others as to the King's power over it, ib., 343-53, 390-4;
—— quarrel of the Lower with the Upper House on the question of Adjournments, ib., 355-76;
—— the Lower House in 1689 saved 'innovations such as would literally have been fatal to us as a Church,' ib., 378;
—— Convocation under Anne and George, {48} the Hoadley catastrophe, ib., 381-8;
—— Convocation from early times to Charles II., ib., 395-404;
—— tacit resignation of the power of granting subsidies, ib., 404, 405.

Corruptions, a corruption an unfaithful development of doctrine, Dev., 41, 170, 175;
—— ascribed to the Church of Rome, V.M., i, 40-2; Diff., i., 266, 267;
—— her practical teaching a corruption, V.M., ii., 153 sq., 370 sq.; V.M., i., pref., pp. xxxvii., xliv.-xlvi.;
—— in practice, 'the natural effect of a multitude having faith and hope without the saving grace of love,' Diff., i., 278-88;
—— a necessary and ordinary phenomenon, Diff., i., 348;
—— 'a people's religion is ever a corrupt religion, in spite of the provisions of Holy Church,' Diff., ii., 81; V.M., i., 40-2, notes;
—— what Anglicans call Roman corruptions (Apo., 105, 106) are often true developments, Diff., i., 395.

Councils, General, 'may err' as such, 'unless in any case it is promised that they shall not err': 'such a promise does exist,' V.M., ii., 291; Ath., ii., 96;
—— some General Councils not Ecumenical, V.M., ii., 292, note;
—— proceedings at Nica, Ari., 250-4;
—— rival Councils of Sardica and Philippopolis, ib., 289, 293, 294;
—— the curses publicus, ib., 293, note;
—— Councils of Arles and Milan, Ari., 314-7;
—— of Sirmium, Seleucia, and Ariminum, ib., 343-50, 423-30;
—— the original Creed of Nica, ib., 395; Ath., i., 57;
—— of Constantinople, Ari., 388-92;
—— 'General Councils said what they should not have said,' Ari., 466, 468;
—— Council of Jerusalem at the consecration of the Martyry (church built by Constantine on the site of Calvary) received Arius into communion, Ath., i., 92-4;
—— Council of Antioch, called the Council of the Dedication, its three formulas of Faith, Ath., i., 94-9; another Council of Antioch and Formula, Ath., i., 100, 101; a fifth Formula, called the Macrostich, also at Antioch, Ath., i., 102-8; Ari., 286, 287;
—— Councils and Formulas of Sirmium, Ath., i., 108-16; Ari., 312-4, 423-30;
—— Photinus (Scotinus) condemned there, Ath., i., 105, 108, notes;
—— Council of Nicna a witness to Tradition, unconstrained by secular power, Ess., i., 123-7;
—— second Nicene Council made 'an extrinsic addition to the Creed,' Ess., ii., 7;
—— sed contra, ib., note;
—— scandals of Councils, H.S., ii., 335, 336;
—— Vatican Council, Diff., ii., 193, 299-319;
—— is a mere majority enough to make a conciliar decree binding? Diff., ii., 303, 304; such binding force may accrue, not from the Council, but from the acceptance of the Church, Diff., ii., 304, 305;
—— Council of Ephesus a parallel to the Vatican, Diff., ii., 305-7; facts of the Council of Ephesus, Diff., ii., 372-5;
—— 'a council of Bishops is only one of the modes in which he (the Pope) exercises his infallibility: the seat of infallibility is in him, and they are adjuncts,' Diff., ii., 371.

Crabbe, his Tales of the Hall, quoted, 'this poem ... I have never lost my love of it,' Idea, 150; Ess., i., 18, 19.

Credence, the notional assent which we accord to that general information, that 'gentleman's knowledge,' which fills in the lacun of our professional knowledge and makes the ordinary {49} furniture of the mind, G.A., 53-5;
—— how it differs from Opinion, ib., 58, 59.

Creeds, formulated in the New Testament, P.S., ii., 262-5;
—— many creeds cannot all be right, P.S., viii., 185; as well two Gods as two Creeds, U.S., 328;
—— expressive of one idea, which they can never express fully, ib., 331, 332, 336;
—— statements chiefly negative, Jfc., 316;
—— Creeds, the Apostles' and the Nicene, contain all that is of faith, V.M., i., 217-22;
—— sed contra is original sin, the inspiration of Scripture, the Holy Eucharist, no point of faith? ib., i., 222, note;
—— Roman additions to Creeds, V.M., i., 224-33, notes;
—— the place of Scripture in the Creed, V.M., i., 240-3, notes;
—— 'a man is bound to believe all truth which is brought home to him, not the Creed only,' ib., i., 243;
—— freedom from symbols, abstractedly the highest state of Christian communion, 'silence as it were for half an hour,' Ari., 36-8, 133-5; P.S., ii., 27, 37;
—— necessarily formulated in face of heresy, Ari., 142-6;
—— bond of Christian fellowship, Ari., 146-8;
—— to be used as tests, not of communion, but of authority, consequently not tendered to the laity, provided they do not set up counter-statements, Ari., 149, 150;
—— Creed of Nica, Ari., 395; Ath., i., 57;
—— Creed of Eusebius of Csarea, Ath., i., 55, 56;
—— Creed of Nica not the imposition of secular power, Ess., i., 123, 124;
—— a formal expression of the tradition of the Church, ib., i., 125;
—— Creed added to in second Nicene Council, Ess., ii., 7, note;
—— use of, Apostles' and Nicene, S.N., 318, 319;
—— Athanasian Creed, 'the war-song of faith,' 'the most devotional formulary to which Christianity has given birth,' G.A., 133; 'a hymn of praise to the Eternal Trinity,' P.S., ii., 270; Jfc., 316,—the damnatory clauses, P.S., ii., 270; P.S., vi., 360; V.M., ii., 178; G.A., 140, 141;
—— Nicene Creed contains but one scientific word, 'consubstantial,'—why not the Real Presence? G.A., 144, 145.

Cremation. 'The Christian Church put aside that old irreverence of the funeral pile,' P.S., i., 275-7.

Cross of Christ, continual practice of small, distasteful duties, P.S., i., 67; P.S., vi., 319-21;
—— Cross to be borne in continual remembrance, P.S., v., 338, 339;
—— what carrying the cross means, P.S., vii., 100, 101, 110, 111;
—— the cross a yoke, never pleasant, ib., vii., 106;
—— crosses may become temptations, ib., vii., 110;
—— 'he who has really tasted of the true Cross,' ib., vii., 113;
—— cross of present occupation, P.S., viii., 162, 163;
—— St. Helena's discovery of the Holy Cross, Mir., 287-302;
—— the Cross as a standard of battle, Dev., 173, 422, 423;
—— its effect on a fanatic, L.G., 411, 412;
—— Christ glories in His Cross, Mix., 315-7;
—— Stations of the Cross, devotions for, M.D., 187-217, 221-46;
—— Sign of the Cross, V.V., 69;
—— Christ crucified, 'as we fix noxious birds up,' S.N., pref., viii., ix., 301;
—— 'the Cross puts a different complexion on the whole of life,' S.N., 123;
—— 'the Cross the Measure of the World,' P.S., vi., 83-93;
—— 'His Cross has put its true value upon everything that we see, it has taught us how to live, how to use this world, what to expect, ... it is the tone into which all the strains {50} of this world's music are ultimately to be resolved,' ib., vi., 84, 85;
—— 'justification is the setting up of the Cross within us,' Jfc., 173-8;
—— the Cross the Christian's portion, P.S., v., 295, 296.

Cyprian, St., on the Bishop as the centre of unity, Dodwell's interpretation, Ess., ii., 25-32;
—— not St. Augustine's, ib., 32, 35, cf. 20-5;
—— intrinsically absurd, Ess., ii., 96-8;
—— Cyprian careful to preserve the bond of peace with other Churches, Dev., 364;
—— on the question of baptism by heretics, 'argued from Scripture against the judgment of the Roman See,' V.M., i., 169, 170.

Cyril of Alexandria, St., his formula, 'one Incarnate Nature of the Word of God,' T.T., 333 sq.; Ath., ii., 426-9; Dev., 300, 301;
—— a Saint, yet not necessarily saintly in all his doings, H.S., ii., 341, 342, 353, 354;
—— parallels of St. Thomas of Canterbury and St. Theresa, ib., ii., 354-6;
—— reproached by St. Isidore, ib., ii., 356, 357; Diff., ii., 375;
—— his later years perhaps far more pleasing to the Divine Sanctity than the earlier, H.S., ii., 356-8;
—— probably thought no Council necessary in the case of Nestorius, ib., ii., 348, 349;
—— his proceedings at Ephesus, ib., ii., 349-52; Diff., ii., 372-5;
—— 'a clear-headed constructive theologian, saw what Theodoret did not see,' H.S., ii., 345;
—— says of Blessed Mary that, considering she was a woman, it is likely that she was tempted to doubt and nearly did doubt at the Crucifixion, Diff., ii., 132-7, 143.

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