Index

I

Ignatius of Antioch, St., Cureton's three epistles from the Syriac not the sole genuine text, T.T., 96-8, 129-35;
—— of the two Greek texts, the shorter (Medicean, Vossian) genuine; the longer consists of spurious epistles, with the genuine epistles expanded by an Arian hand, ib., 99-128;
—— peculiarity of his epistle to the Romans, ib., 125, 126;
—— Catholic character of the epistles, Ess., i., 235-42, 245-7;
—— takes our salvation to lie, not in the Atonement by itself, but in the Incarnation as a present fact, ib., i., 247, 248;
—— his Eucharistic teaching, ib., i., 253, 254;
—— points of his theology, ib., i., 255-7;
—— said to be popish, ib., i., 257;
—— 'give us Ignatius, and we want nothing more to prove the substantial truth of the Catholic system,' ib., i., 261;
—— quoted on union with the bishop, O.S., 193, 194;;
—— his martyrdom, G.A., 478-80. {77}

Ignatius Loyola, St., the Practical, compared to Jacob, H.S., ii. 366-70;
—— what he did for St. Philip Neri, O.S., 227-9.

Ignorance, 'assumed economically by our Lord,' Ath., ii., 161-72;
—— 'received doctrine,' that Christ as man 'knew all things which human soul can know,' ib., ii., 162; not received till after St. Athanasius's day, ib.;
—— not so clear that the Fathers do ever ascribe to our Lord more than an 'economical' ignorance, ib., ii., 163 sq.;
—— doctrine of Christ's ignorance as man anathematized when the Monophysites arose, M.D., 119;
—— invincible ignorance an excuse for non-Catholic Christians, Diff., i., 354-7; S.N., 325, 327-9; Diff., ii., 335, 336; Ess., i., 217;
—— matching invincible ignorance, there is what may be called 'invincible knowledge,' G.A., 211.

Illative Sense, the criterion of the accuracy of an inference other than scientific, G.A., 345;
—— [differs from Natural Inference as the reflex from the direct, Life by Ward, II., 260, 261];
—— 'a living organon,' 'a personal gift,' judicium prudentis viri, G.A., 316, 317;
—— 'a sure divination' in concrete matter that a conclusion, not logically complete, is 'as good as proved,' G.A., 321;
—— illative sense defined, 'right judgment in ratiocination,' G.A., 342;
—— the sanction of the illative sense is the fact that the human mind is constituted so to judge, with which Constitution we must be content, seeing that it comes from God, G.A., 346-52;
—— illative sense, a sort of Aristotelian phronesis, differing in different subject-matters, ib., 353-8;
—— its exercise, its subject-matter, the process it uses, its function and scope, ib., 358, 359;
—— the illative sense is 'the reasoning faculty as exercised by gifted, or educated or otherwise well-prepared minds,' G.A., 361 [something like what the writer has elsewhere called 'philosophy,' Idea, 124 sq.; U.S., 282 sq.];
—— being a personal gift, the illative sense supplies no common measure between mind and mind,—that is left to Logic, G.A., 362;
—— the Illative Sense, called in Via Media, 'a strong sense,' a 'moral instinct,' a 'happy augury;' 'it is the second-rate men who prove, reconcile, finish, and explain,' V.M., i., 283, 284; G.A., 380; U.S., 257;
—— 'I am suspicious of scientific demonstrations in a region of concrete fact,' G.A., 410, 411;
—— 'we are bound to look for certainty by modes of proof, which, when reduced to the shape of formal propositions, fail to satisfy the severe requisitions of science,' G.A., 412.

Images, worship of, suspended out of policy in England, V.M., ii., 112, 373;
—— images a help to prayer, ib., ii., 113, note;
—— is latria due to the wood of the Cross? ib., ii., 126, 127, note;
—— the Crucifix, ib., ii., 215, 216;
—— abuse of image-worship, condemned alike by Trent and Article xxii., ib., ii., 304, 305;
—— a precedent for image-worship in the honour paid to the statues of the Emperors, Ath., ii., 185, 186;
—— St. John Damascene on Images, Dev., 376, 377;
—— in early fourth century prohibited in Spain, Dev., 410, 411;
—— virtue in images, L.G., 25;
—— if absurd to honour an image, equally absurd to burn in effigy, Prepos., 180; King William, blown out of his saddle, ib., 181.

Incarnation, Catholic doctrine of, {78} P.S., ii., 30-2;
—— the Eternal Son in humiliation, P.S., iii., 162-6;
—— God for thirty-three years 'became one of the beings that are seen,' P.S., iv., 202, 203;
—— for thirty years led an ordinary life, ib., iv., 241, 242;
—— indebted to this world for nothing, P.S., v., 95, 96;
—— the Son of God made Man, P.S., vi., 55-67; P.S., viii., 251, 252;
—— sundry texts to be understood of both Natures together, P.S., vi., 58-60;
—— Christ, though man, not strictly a man, ib., vi, 62;
—— His manhood almost as a new attribute of His Person, ib., vi., 65; T.T., 307, 381;
—— when He suffered, it was God suffering, P.S., vi., 71-3;
—— Incarnation has 'introduced a thousand new and heavenly associations into this world of sin,' ib., vi., 265;
—— the Incarnation 'the article of a standing or a falling Church,' U.S., 35;
—— two reasons for, atonement and renewal in holiness, Ath., ii, 189-91;
—— the union of two natures no circumscription of the Divine Son, Ath., ii., 192;
—— personal aptitude of the Son for Incarnation, P.S., vi., 58-60; Ath., ii., 220, 221;
—— two natures in one Person, Ath., ii., 191, 192, 223-5;
—— Nestorianism inconsistent with the Incarnation, ib., ii., 293, 294;
—— the Word assumed our nature as it has been since the Fall, with its liabilities, ib., ii., 294-9, not its imperfections and faults, T.T., 373, 374;
—— 'we should rather say that God is man than that man is God, not that the latter proposition is not altogether Catholic,' Ess., i., 74, 75;
—— summary of heresies affecting the Incarnation, Dev., 439, 440;
—— brings God nigh, Mix., 292-4, 298, 299, 302-4;
—— if Incarnation at all, what life we should have thought becoming for the Incarnate Word on earth? Mix., 300, 301; but 'He came, not to assert a claim, but to pay a debt,' ib., 301, 302;
—— decree of, antecedent to Adam's sin, Ath., ii., 188; S.N., 296, 297; Mix,, 321, 322, 358;
—— doctrine of, not really held by the mass of Protestants, Mix., 344-6; P.S., iii., 169-71;
—— Deipara the witness of Emmanuel, Mix., 346-9;
—— no other miracle so stupendous as the Incarnation, Prepos., 305; Mir., 185;
—— special charm of Christmas, S.N., 95, 96;
—— a 'tangible history of the Deity,' S.N., 302, note.

Inconsistency, not always blameworthy, Ess., i, 276, 277.

India, sermon on the mutiny of 1857, S.N., 147-54.

Indiction, a cycle of 15 years, when first used as a date, Ath., i., 99, note.

Indulgences, Cardinal Fisher on, V.M., i., 72;
—— doctrine of, ib., i., 97, 98, note, 113-5, note;
—— 'takes from the Roman Catholic the fear of hell, and gives him the certainty of purgatory,' ib., i., 121;
—— sed contra, 'this is not so,' ib., note;
—— specimens of large and reckless Indulgences, V.M., ii., 301;
—— 'indulgence never is absolution or pardon itself,' Prepos., 346, 347.

Infallibility, taken for a bar to progress, as though Christianity were good for one age, not for another, U.S., 2, 3;
—— Mussus, Bishop of Bitonto, on Papal infallibility, V.M., i., 82;
—— infallibility said to be the bane of the Church, then afterwards claimed for her, V.M., i., 69, note; 84-8, notes 190-4;
—— infallibility as amounting to omniscience, ib., i., 89-93;
—— sed contra, ib., notes;
—— impressiveness {79} of, Rome 'alone of all Churches dares claim it,' ib., i., 115-8; L.G., 225; Mix., 229;
—— seat of infallibility, V.M., i., 123-6;
—— infallibility not wanted, ib., i., 143, 144;
—— lost to the Church along with unity, ib., i., 195-201; V.M., ii., 132-4;
—— like unity, not altogether lost, V.M., i., 202;
—— sed contra, 'we cannot talk of a little unity,' ib., note;
—— difficulties in the working of infallibility, Ess., i., 169-72;
—— 'there are gifts too large and too fearful to be handled freely,' Diff., ii., 342;
—— early Church virtually infallible, D.A., 11;
—— presumable on hypothesis of development, Dev., 78-80;
—— 'the very idea of revelation implies a present informant, and that an infallible one,' Dev., 87, 88; especially in an intellectual age, Dev., 89; Diff., ii., 322, 323;
—— infallible utterance of Pope, 'not a transaction that can be done in his travelling dress, etc.,' H.S., ii., 340, note;
—— Tractarians took the Anglican Prayer Book as practically infallible, Diff., i., 132-5;
—— its work in curbing human intellect as that intellect historically is, Apo., 245, 246;
—— what this power claims, Apo., 249, 250;
—— every act of Infallibility brought out 'by operation of the Reason, and provokes a reaction of Reason,' Apo., 252;
—— 'cannot act outside of a definite circle,' Apo., 253, 254;
—— the pomœria of infallibility, like British waters, prohibition herein is rather disciplinary, and temporary, may be mistaken, but usually proves to have been mainly in the right, Apo., 257, 258;
—— 'the whole body of Christian people cannot be wrong,' S.N., 77;
—— papal, declared no article of faith by English and Irish bishops in 1826, yet steadily held by the Holy See, Diff., ii., 187-94;
—— a known point of controversy, ib., 353-5;
—— instances of papal action into which infallibility does not enter, Diff., ii., 257;
—— conditions limiting infallibility, Diff., ii., 325, 326, 329-32;
—— infallibility not inspiration, no direct suggestion of divine truth, but simply assistentia, i.e. an external guardianship keeping off from error, V.M., i., 310, note; Diff., ii., 327, 328,—hence, Molina says, 'definitions are more or less perspicuous, and need 'investigation and diligence,' Diff., ii., 307, 308;
—— contra, Ess., i., 159;
—— obiter dicta not infallible, Diff., ii., 329, nor the reasons given for the definition, ib., 326;
—— cautious use of papal infallibility, Apo., 267, 268;
—— Bishop Fessler's statement that only the last sentences of the Unam sanctam are infallible, Diff., ii., 326, 376, 377;
—— Chillingworth's confusion of infallibility with certitude, G.A., 224-7, 493, 494; V.M., i., 122, note; Dev., 81.

Inference, not a felt reality, P.S., iv., 231;
—— always conditional, G.A., 1, 2, 12;
—— expressed by a conclusion, ib., 3;
—— we may infer what we do not understand, ib., 8;
—— akin to notional apprehension, ib., 12;
—— mostly engaged on notional propositions, hence notional assent seems like inference, ib., 39;
—— inverse relation between inference and assent, ib., 40, 41;
—— inference not the measure of assent, G.A., 160-81;
—— the terms 'inference' and 'logic' used here indiscriminately, G.A., 264;
—— formal inference (formal logic), what it does and what it cannot do, G.A., 262-87;
—— reasoning ordinarily presents itself as a simple act, not {80} as a process, G.A., 259, 260, 330;
—— 'natural inference' from things to things, not from propositions to propositions, G.A., 330, 331; e.g., the weather-wisdom of a peasant, the diagnosis of a physician or of a lawyer, ib., 332; natural inference sometimes amounts to genius, Newton, Napoleon, calculating boys, ib., 333, 334 (Natural Inference differs from the Illative Sense as the direct from the reflex, Ward, Life, II., 260, 261];
—— genuine reasoning not an instrumental art, G.A., 338;
—— each genius has its own subject-matter, ib., 339-41;
—— put into formal propositions, the proofs on which we are bound to look for certainty in concrete matter fail to satisfy the requisitions of science, G.A., 412.

Intellectualism, rule of intellect rather than of Conscience, P.S., i., 223, 224;
—— a fruit of the fall, not found in paradise or in heaven, P.S., v., 112;
—— inventions only of use in remedying the effects of the fall, ib., v., 113;
—— Scripture silent on intellectual excellence, U.S., 56;
—— what is and is not rationalism (intellectualism), Ess., i., 31-8;
—— the religion that comes of intellectualism, philosophical religion, Idea, 190-3, 202;
—— exemplified in Julian, commended by Shaftesbury, ib., 194-200;
—— where vice is said to have lost half its evil by losing all its grossness, ib., 201;
—— tends 'to view revealed religion from an aspect of its own, to fuse and recast it, to tune it to a different key, and reset its harmonies,' Idea, 217, 218;
—— partly an ignoring, partly an adulteration of theological truth, ib., 229;
—— fitness of infallible teaching for 'smiting hard and throwing back the immense energy of the aggressive, capricious, untrustworthy intellect,' Apo., 245, 246; intellect so characterized, not 'when correctly exercised,' but considered 'actually and historically,' Apo., 243; P.S., v., 114;
—— originality of thought not true if it leads away from God, M.D., 521;
—— intellectual pleasures, G.A., 205-8;
—— obedience of intellect, L.G., 203, 204; G.A., 191; S.N., 11, 12.

Inquisition, Spanish, 'an expression of that very Church-and-King spirit which has prevailed in these islands,' Idea, 215, 216;
—— doings of, Prepos., 210-2, 222.

Instinct, 'a force which spontaneously impels us, not only to bodily movements, but also to mental acts,' G.A., 62;
—— our assent to the existence of a world external to ourselves 'founded on an instinct,' G.A., 61-3.

Ireland, early Irish Church, Idea, 25-7; H.S., iii., 125-7, 265, 266;
—— devastated by Danes, ib., 266, 270;
—— Brian Boroimhe defeats Danes at Clontarf, ib., 272-4;
—— as Alfred in England, so Brian failed to restore what had been, ib., 277;
—— bull of Adrian IV., reasons for, ib., 261-5, 287, 307, 308;
—— ancient University of Dublin, H.S., iii., 207-12;
—— coming prosperity of Ireland, like Corinth on the highway of commerce, ib., iii., 483, 484;
—— strong Catholicism of Irish cities, ib., 484, 485;
—— special aptitude of the Irish mind for science, ib., 485, 486;
—— 'Irish people worn down by oppression, not allowed to be joyous, not allowed to be natural,' Diff., i., 306;
—— 'cannot distinguish between their love of Ireland and their love of religion,' {81} Diff., ii, 185, 186;
—— 'one John of Tuam,' Diff., ii., 211.

Irish University, H.S., iii., 1, 2, 17, 31, 32, 47, 48, 50-3, 65-70, 146, 177, 178, 212, 251;
—— ultimate success certain, even though it seem to fail: decision of the Holy See, ib., 148, 149; Idea, 12, 13, 266;
—— 'hopes in which I may have been too sanguine,' Idea, 239;
—— 'enough for me if I do so much as merely begin what others may more hopefully continue,' Idea, 267, 506, 519;
—— Ireland the proper seat of a Catholic University, Idea, 483;
—— Irish University Bill of 1873, Diff., ii., 181-3.

Irvingites, L.G., 390-5.

J

Jacob, character of, P.S., v., 75-82; H.S., ii., 370;
—— Jacob, Moses, David, three shepherd types of Christ, P.S., viii., 236-41.

Jansenism, history of, Diff., i., 321-8;
—— Jansenius set up to correct the Church by aid of St. Augustine, Diff., i., 158, 159.

Jerome, St., 'were he not a saint, there are words and ideas in his writings from which I should shrink,' H.S., ii., 173;
—— letter to Demetrias, ib., 174-8;
—— 'so dead to the world that he can imitate the point and wit of its writers without scandal,' H.S., ii., 285;
—— 'only too fond of the Cicero and Horace, whom he put aside,—a literary Father par excellence,' ib., 450.

Jerusalem, topography of, site of Holy Sepulchre, line of north wall, Mir., 302-26;
—— Church, called the Martyry, built by Constantine on the site of the Holy Sepulchre, Ath., i., 92;
—— failure of Julian to rebuild the Temple, Mir., 334-7;
—— taken by Sultan Malek Shah, recovered by Crusaders, H.S.,. i., 96, 102;
—— Jerusalem Bishopric, S.D., 335, note; L.G., 400, 401; Diff., i., 10, 11; Apo., 141-6; 'demolished the sacredness of diocesan rights,' Apo., 149.

Jesuits, their 'economy,' in the matter of the Chinese Rites, parallel of St. Gregory Thaumaturgus, V.M., i., pref., pp. lxxvi.-lxxix.;
—— their season over, according to La Mennais, Ess., i., 157;
—— their obedience, Dev., 399;
—— 'school and pattern of discretion, practical sense, and wise government,' H.S., ii., 369, 370;
—— SS. Ignatius, Dominic, Benedict, are as Practical Sense, Science, Poetry, or again as Jacob, Isaac, Abraham, ib., ii., 366-70; O.S., 220, 221, 228, 229;
—— splendid organization, can afford, it is said, to crush individualities, H.S., iii., 71;
—— the first six Jesuits, Mix., 243;
—— fictions concerning, Prepos., 17;
—— Blanco White on, ib., 18, 19, 404-6;
—— Steimnitz's revelations, a disappointment, Prepos., 176;
—— article on The Revival of Jesuitism, in British Critic for 1839, of which, as Editor, 'I did not like the tone,' Apo., 60.

Jews, importance of their law to Christians, P.S., i., 85;
—— the law observed in the early Church, P.S., ii., 70, 71, 76;
—— many present-day Christians exactly in the state of the Jews, P.S., vi., 182-7;
—— they equate Christian with Jewish rites, ib., vi., 183;
—— repudiate inward justification, ib., vi., 184;
—— take to themselves what St. Paul says of the unregenerate Jew, ib., vi., 186;
—— despair of the gift of purity, ib., vi., 187;
—— 'we act as they did,' P.S., viii., 85, 86;
—— Jewish ordinances, 'tokens not of the presence of {82} grace, but of its absence,' Jfc., 283-5;
—— Jews took their law not as a means but as the end, ib., 312, 313;
—— parallel of the Anglican Church with the Jewish, V.M., i., 336-44;
—— prosperity and influence of Jews in third and fourth centuries, Ari., 10-2;
—— Judaism a source of Arianism, ib., 18-23;
—— real peculiarity of Judaism, S.D., 97-100;
—— Christian Church a continuation of the Jewish doctrine of the remnant, S.D., 192-6; S.N., 253; G.A., 437-9;
—— Judaism local because imperfect, Mix., 247;
—— prayer for conversion of, M.D., 255, 256;
—— God's judgments on, S.N., 214-9;
—— Judaism, a tragic chorus, V.V., 192-4;
—— theism the life of the Jews, their country the classic home of religion, as Greece of intellect, and Rome of political sagacity, G.A., 432, 433;
—— their final overthrow at the very epoch in which they were looking for a Deliverer, ib., 433-5;
—— their punishment, as we witness it, described by anticipation in the book of Deuteronomy, ib., 435, 436;
—— Judaism supplanted by Christianity [as Esau by Jacob], promises made to the former fulfilled in the latter, G.A., 437-9;
—— 'Christianity clears up the mystery that hangs over Judaism, accounting for the punishment of the people by specifying their heinous sin,' G.A., 438;
—— Jews had faith without the promise, i.e., were without regeneration and the indwelling of the Holy Ghost: 'I am not speaking of this or that highly-favoured saint, but of the people;' they 'were aided by God's grace, but they were not inhabited by it,' P.S. ii., 220-3; P.S., iii., 263-70; P.S., iv., 170, 171; P.S., vi., 179-82; V.M., ii., 145, 146, 149, 150, 161, 163-8, with note (added in 1877), to pp. 166, 167.

John the Evangelist, St., the saint of the young, the middle-aged, the old, S.N., 186.

Joseph, St., his death, M.D., 414-6;
—— saint of home: type of rest, repose, peace, S.N., 204;
—— devotion to him of late date, Diff., ii., 30, 31.

Journalist, omnia novit, Idea, pref., pp. xx.-xxii.

Judgment Day, expectation of, P.S., vi., 236 sq.; H.S., ii., 434-9; S.N., 225-7;
—— ever near, because the course of the world runs along the brink of it, P.S., vi., 241;
—— no souls in heaven till then, P.S., iii., 372-83;
—— sed contra, U.S., 326;
—— till then, sin not fully forgiven, P.S., iv., 129; V.M., i., 119;
—— waiting for Christ, P.S., vi., 234 sq.; O.S., 31 sq.;
—— rash prophecies, S.N., 224, 228;
—— will come when the Church is at the last gasp, S.N., 231;
—— 'only mortal sins at the last judgment,' ib., 305;
—— all in memory, all in judgment, V.V., 85;
—— particular judgment, V.V., 342, 351, 352, 358-60, 366.

Justice, a primary notion, not resolvable into solicitude for the general good, U.S., 106, 108;
—— virtue of, S.N., 168-70;
—— forgiveness of injuries, ib., 278-82;
—— pleas for standing off from the author of an injury; 'can you pray that you may meet him and love him in heaven?' ib., 245, 246, 284;
—— retributive justice must be admitted at least in God, G.A., 420, 421.

Justification, certainty of, not accorded to us, P.S., v., 219, 220;
—— 'no such person as a justified sinner,' ib., v., 190;
—— faith, title to justification, but baptism gives possession, P.S., vi., 168;
—— inward, not merely {83} outward, ib., vi, 184;
—— faith disjoined from justification, ib., vi., 172, 174-6, but never finally, ib., vi., 164, 170, 171;
—— David had faith, not justification, ib., vi., 181, 182;
—— justification inward renewal, obedience for disobedience, Jfc., 32-6;
—— unscriptural separation of justification from 'renewal' (sanctification), or of deliverance from guilt from deliverance from sin, Jfc., 39-41, 117;
—— the two are substantially one, ib., 63;
—— distinct in the order of ideas only, ib., 63-72;
—— justification takes our shame away, Jfc., 75, 76, 157, 158;
—— God's word effects what it announces, an act external continued to an act within us, acceptance leading to acceptableness, imputation to participation, Jfc., 81, 85, 98;
—— so a Sacrament is a visible sign of inward grace, both sign and grace being included in the Sacrament: excellence of the justified state, Jfc., 93, 94;
—— justification active and passive, the two inseparable, Jfc., 95-100;
—— Adam's sin both imputed and imparted to us, so is Christ's righteousness, Jfc., 105, 106;
—— 'neither Protestant nor Romanist ought to refuse to admit, and in admitting to agree with each other, that the presence of the Holy Ghost shed abroad in our hearts, the Author both of faith and renewal, this is really that which makes us righteous, and that our righteousness is the possession of that presence,' Jfc., pref., p. xii.; 137-54, 352, 353;
—— glory and power of that presence, Jfc., 160-9;
—— justification 'the setting up of the Cross within us,' 'it draws blood,' Jfc., 173-8;
—— righteousness in us rather adherent than inherent, Jfc., 187;
—— 'the glorious Shekinah of the Word Incarnate,' Jfc., 190, 191;
—— Jewish righteousness superseded, ib., 194-201;
—— 'there was but One Atonement, there are ten thousand justifications: God the Son atoned, God the Holy Ghost justifies,' Jfc., 205, 206;
—— right understanding of justification by faith, Jfc., 214, 215,—of justification by faith only, ib., 223 sq.; justification by faith may be taken to mean merely that grace is a free gift, Jfc., 246-51; by faith only, not to the exclusion of baptism, ib., 226, 227; justification by faith not before but after baptism, ib., 237-43; by faith only in one sense, by works in another, ib., 275, 276;
—— 'justification comes through the Sacraments, is received by faith, consists in God's inward presence, and is lived by obedience,' Jfc., 278;
—— justification by faith a principle, not a rule of conduct, ib., 333-5;
—— 'formal cause,' meaning of the term, ib., 343, 344; four views of the formal cause of justification, Jfc., 346-8;
—— essence and effect of justification according to the Roman view, Jfc., 349, 350;
—— the Holy Ghost the formal cause of justification, according to Petavius, ib., pref., p. xii., 352, 353;
—— one only form of justification, yet there may be many improper forms, ib., pref., pp. x.-xii.: 350-4;
—— whether the righteousness which God puts into us needs to be further eked out by His mercy in Christ, Jfc., 354-7, 366-8;
—— Bucer's opinion, the common doctrine of the Church of England, ib., 372, 374;
—— 'with the Roman divines I would consider justification as an inward gift, yet with the Protestant, as not a mere quality of the mind,' Jfc., 389;
—— 'we are justified by Christ alone, in that He has purchased {84} the gift; by faith alone, in that faith asks for it; by baptism alone, for baptism conveys it; and by newness of heart alone, for newness of heart is the sine quo non life of it,' V.M., ii., 283;
—— 'we know nothing of justification except as wrought through Christ's mystical Body,' Ess., i., 367;
—— Evangelical views of justification, L.G., 137-45, 149-54;
—— justification by a powerful act of charity, Mix,, 80;
—— Essay on Justification (A.D. 1837), purpose of, Apo., 72;
—— 'justification by faith accounted (by Evangelicals) to be the one cardinal point of the Gospel,' a position 'utterly unevangelical,' involving unhealthy self-contemplation, P.S., ii., 164-73; P.S., v., 181-4.

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