Cardinal Newman among 14 declared venerable

On January 22, in the presence of the Holy Father, the following decrees were promulgated concerning:

– the heroic virtues of the Servant of God JOHN HENRY NEWMAN, Cardinal and founder of the Oratories of St. Philip Neri in England; born in London, England 21 February 1801 and died in Birmingham on 11 August 1890;

Click image for complete copy of 1991 announcement in L’Osservatore Romano, January 28, 1991, weekly Latin Edition.


The following is not an exact translation of the text.  It is presented as a very loose interpretation from Latin to English by Google Translate. It is presented to the reader solely for the purpose of forming a basic understanding of the text.




Decree of the Doubt

Canonization of the Servant of God John Henry Newman, the founder of the Oratories of St. Philip Neri in England, the Cardinal S. R. E. (1801-1890).

Is there evidence of the theological virtues of faith, hope and charity, as well as in God and against one’s neighbor, as well as the cardinal virtues of Prudence, Justice, Temperance and Fortitude attached to them, to a heroic degree, in such a case and for the purpose of debate.

Everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice (Jn 18, 37).

     The worship and the love of the truth, which He Himself is Christ (cf. Jn 14: 6), in a certain the Servant of God John Henry Newman was the lamp that is burning only illuminated steps and set in the deep mysteries of God and savior the knowledge, to the perfect imitation of Jesus, the supreme example of perfection is, and to deliver eager service to the people of God.

     Day 21 of the month of February in the year of 1801 was born in London, is by John Newman and Jemima Fourdrinier, and on the 9th of the month of April in the same year is born to divine life in the Church of England, having received the baptism. Deeds of his youth, which is like a “spiritual conversion” according to the writing, he hath borne for that design; Indeed, in their conversations with God, this is so, He addressed to him: “Then you, too, have you changed the habit of my heart, and my part of the mind”. This is the life of the property include no more than a few words, and the words of the Servant of God, the best of shadow: but the men of finding God, that is to say the studios, who is the Truth, and therefore be attentive to the voice of his.

     As a result of their experience of the spirit, which is a young man, already at that time it was proposed, of which the heads of the daily prayer of the mind and the meditation of Sacred Scripture, as well as careful, and the repentance of a recognition of his own were. In this he remained a firm purpose, he exercised the same time, the University of Oxford, the study of which is the following, that is, it might be thought from the time when “Fellow” Oriel College finished in clearness. Being called by God to still more and more awareness that they constituted a single service of life and of the next, with the intention of it is to generously followed. He was ordained deacon in the Church of England and in the year 1825 is the year of 1824 the Minister: it is your duty to have been done in the more severe towards the souls of those who are in the consciousness of the occasions of which throughout the whole of the life of the kept them.

  Soon, after his ordination, has been entrusted to him the care of the temple of Oxford Clement and unexpected vigor in the ministries of the parish, all eagerly to see the house, and caring for the whole family.

     The Vicar of the University of Oxford has become the temple of St. Mary in the year 1828, a little after, surrendered himself to the study of the Fathers of the Church on high. This is the source of doctrine, by the way, as the latter and that it has experienced in Sicily, to be followed by him, brought him up to the will of his own, no longer, but to let themselves be led by the will of God.

     In Britain, he returned to it for certain-having God for him to entrust to him the office of the implementation of some, he thought that it consists in defense of the Church from the “Liberalismo”; the opinion of the Servant of God, that was a sign that there is not in the religion of the word of the truth of the objective from a certain place, and hence religion and although he is as good as the other, and thus of that we must endure, with the commandment and his decree of opinion, is liable.

     From the year 1833 to the year 1845 he wrote many works to defend the Church. This energy it needs disputes implica life. In him, and make use of certatore, honesty and respect for the miracle of those with whom we had discussions, as well as the love of truth. In his works, his correspondence, his speech, His spirituality, led in turn to the pastoral care of the efficacy of thereof, and taking into account not extend further, beyond the city to Oxford.

     Him, indeed, brought it to the desire of the Church on the Church of the Fathers of the English for the first time to be doubted: it turns out that in the year 1839. Six years consistently sought the true light, even the use of prayer and fasting.

     This investigation period were sour his anguish, anxiety is not a cause of grief to relatives and acquaintances, friends incomprehensio injury which is openly affected. However, the investigation continued. The study of the development of doctrine, she suggested it, the followers of the Reformed churches, which he called himself the “the Roman corruptions”, to be, on the contrary, he set out, and the scourge of the Catholic Church, and the Church Fathers, in the revelation of the knowledge of the true one to be. Convinced that it is to enter into, had to himself, accepted by the Church by Blessed Dominic Barberi of Rome on the 9th of the month of October in the year of 1845.

     After he passed over to the Catholic Church, thanks to the space of John Henry Cardinal Newman a long period of meditation, of prayer and study, it must be sought at all devoted to the will of God, and brought him to the priest who, on the 30 of the month of May in the year 1847 in Rome, have taken something. Choose the way of the Confederation of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri, by the judgment of a truly spiritual, and has arranged to establish the Oratory in Birmingham. There rest of their lives, a pastor totally dedicated to the service of the poor.

     There is a passage to the Catholic Church was the cause of labors and sufferings; but, as he was afterwards made known to her the presence of Christ in the Blessed Sacrament was given to him at that time, the source of the protection also of the consolation.

      Eager to promote Catholic intellectual education, has received the Rector of Studies of the Catholic University of Dublin.

     This is a faithful defender of the truth, speak, when he and the Roman clergy, they are, he said, divulge, what a beautiful work, entitled “Apologia pro vita sua” (in the year 1864).

     The salvation of the souls of the priest, of the mind of the burning, the light, hath given to the exchange of messages by means of the help of a great many of the orthodox and non-Catholics, who turned to him, in their doubts and difficulties.

     A faithful servant of Christ and of the Church, the spouse of his will, with the Second Vatican Council 1, which defined the infallibility of the Roman Pontiff, he defended the decrees of the Council sent a clear letter, addressed to the Duke of Norfolk.

     The year of 1879 by the Pope Leo XIII, which should have the air on account of the great intelligence and learning related to cardinaliciam been raised to the dignity; Consequently magnificent got a whole nation admired. So the most important, however, to lead their life of simplicity, dedicated to the pastoral care of the whole of those who were approaching him in the Oratory of Birmingham. Full of feelings about blindness, and therefore not fit to read constantly reciting the rosary, which he called one of the most beautiful devotions.

     He neared death, a calm and of good courage, as a good soldier of Christ, went to meet him. In Birmingham on the 11th day of the month of August, in the year 1890 is the life of a dead man.

     His body now lies in the church has been shown. To salute him, and that they might have a multitude of men of every rank, and of faith came to him, who had been a shining example of them, filled with goodness, and the shepherd.

     The depth of the theological thought of John Henry Newman, and the gravity of such a nature that, many of the doctors point of view, like the Fathers of the Church may appear to be the most important. Moreover, priestly charity, which consists in the constant and fruitful ministry of the shows, is the concept of evil is sealed of the true shepherd: he turned himself to the poor that the motion, which, so far as she could, she assisted; entered the souls entrusted to his care, and many others who, everywhere in the nation, spiritual solace and advice needed.

     These are the two main ones being of his piety and the fear of the lines of: These are the things in it, and are suitable to fit to each other, and this is the power of that great day of the affection of the soul, which is its own, making him a man of faith and prayer. Some of the prayers of many of the hymns of this testifies about the writings and, above all, their spiritual and liturgical patrimony of the Church, which is now a part of the Catholic Church, as well as of the English.

     What is wonderful is it in him, but the reason is a lifestyle, and so simple and frugal, is entirely situated in the Lord, who is present in the Eucharist, and in the hearts of believers, it is animated by the Spirit from his, like the Divine Master, who, returned it to the meek and humble of heart, “our forgiveness and the the gentleness for a rich man “to the poor, the humble, the mercy of God to those in need.

     On account of the day for this very age has very suitable for the properties of the Servant of God and the world through the proclamation of today has an important part.

     Spreading of his reputation of holiness, which flourished in the living, after his death, increased; Now, therefore, made by the process of the Ordinary of the information, the beginning of the celebration of the causes of canonization of Archbishop of Birmingham (years 1958-1986), whose authority is the Decree of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints the Positio had been recognized over the life of the 20th day of the month of February in the year 1989., in the meantime drawn up by agents of heroicity of his activity and of virtue, an act of the same year, the 12th day of the month of December in the Congress and the 20th day of the month of April in the year 1990 is the history consultors and a special Congress on the virtues, which he ruled, the promoter of the Faith Bev.mus Rev. Anthony Petti. The Cardinals and the Bishops, 8 of the month of January of the year in the 1991 Ordinary Session of the Congregation, the Cause, by Cardinal Joseph Caprio, the theological virtues of the Servant of God John Henry Newman, and the cardinals, and attached to the exercised a profession of being heroes.

     On all these points Having received from the undersigned Cardinal Prefect an accurate and faithful obedience to the Supreme Pontiff John Paul II, by pride, by His Holiness, and ratifying the votes of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, having received the ordered that the Decree on the heroic virtues of the Servant of God to be written.

     That order was made, as well as the Cause, who called me to Himself today’s the day of the Cardinal Prefect, had granted to the undersigned Secretary and others according to custom having been convoked, and to them that stood by, the Holy Father solemnly declared: Proofs exist of the theological virtues of faith, hope and the love of God and neighbor, as well as the cardinal virtues of prudence, justice, Temperance and Fortitude, attached to them, to a heroic degree, the Servant of God John Henry Newman, Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church, founder of the Oratories of Saint Philip Neri in England, in the case of and for the purpose of debate.

     This, however, in the acts of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, and the publication of the decree of the Supreme Pontiff has ordered that.

Given at Rome, on the 22nd day of January AD 1991.

ANGEL card. Felici, Prefect

Eduardus Nowak
archiep. tit. Lunensis in Secretis