Cardinal Newman among 14 declared venerable
On January 22, in the presence of the Holy Father, the following decrees were promulgated concerning:
the heroic virtues of the Servant of God JOHN HENRY NEWMAN, Cardinal
and founder of the Oratories of St. Philip Neri in England; born in
London, England 21 February 1801 and died in Birmingham on 11 August
Click image for complete copy of 1991 announcement in L’Osservatore Romano, January 28, 1991, weekly Latin Edition.
The following is not an exact translation of
the text. It is presented as a very loose interpretation
from Latin to English by Google Translate. It is presented to the reader
solely for the purpose of forming a
basic understanding of the text.
CONGREGATION FOR THE CAUSES OF SAINTS
Decree of the Doubt
of the Servant of God John Henry Newman, the founder of the Oratories
of St. Philip Neri in England, the Cardinal S. R. E. (1801-1890).
Is there evidence of the theological virtues of faith, hope and charity, as well as in God and against one’s neighbor, as well as the cardinal virtues of Prudence, Justice, Temperance and Fortitude attached to them, to a heroic degree, in such a case and for the purpose of debate.
Everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice (Jn 18, 37).
The worship and the love of the truth, which He Himself is
Christ (cf. Jn 14: 6), in a certain the Servant of God John Henry
Newman was the lamp that is burning only illuminated steps and set
in the deep mysteries of God and savior the knowledge, to the
perfect imitation of Jesus, the supreme example of perfection
is, and to deliver eager service to the people of God.
Day 21 of the month of February in the year of 1801 was
born in London, is by John Newman and Jemima Fourdrinier, and on the 9th
of the month of April in the same year is born to divine life in the
Church of England, having received the baptism. Deeds of his youth,
which is like a “spiritual conversion” according to the writing, he hath
borne for that design; Indeed, in their conversations with God, this is
so, He addressed to him: “Then you, too, have you changed the habit of
my heart, and my part of the mind”. This is the life of the property
include no more than a few words, and the words of the Servant of God,
the best of shadow: but the men of finding God, that is to say the
studios, who is the Truth, and therefore be attentive to the voice of
As a result of their experience of the spirit, which is a
young man, already at that time it was proposed, of which the heads of
the daily prayer of the mind and the meditation of Sacred Scripture, as
well as careful, and the repentance of a recognition of his own were. In
this he remained a firm purpose, he exercised the same time, the
University of Oxford, the study of which is the following, that is, it
might be thought from the time when “Fellow” Oriel College finished in
clearness. Being called by God to still more and more awareness that
they constituted a single service of life and of the next, with the
intention of it is to generously followed. He was ordained deacon in the
Church of England and in the year 1825 is the year of 1824 the
Minister: it is your duty to have been done in the more severe towards
the souls of those who are in the consciousness of the occasions of
which throughout the whole of the life of the kept them.
Soon, after his ordination, has been entrusted to him the care of the
temple of Oxford Clement and unexpected vigor in the ministries of
the parish, all eagerly to see the house, and caring for the whole
The Vicar of the University of Oxford has become the
temple of St. Mary in the year 1828, a little after, surrendered himself
to the study of the Fathers of the Church on high. This is the source
of doctrine, by the way, as the latter and that it has experienced in
Sicily, to be followed by him, brought him up to the will of his own, no
longer, but to let themselves be led by the will of God.
In Britain, he returned to it for certain-having God for
him to entrust to him the office of the implementation of some, he
thought that it consists in defense of the Church from the
“Liberalismo”; the opinion of the Servant of God, that was a sign that
there is not in the religion of the word of the truth of the objective
from a certain place, and hence religion and although he is as good as
the other, and thus of that we must endure, with the commandment and his
decree of opinion, is liable.
From the year 1833 to the year 1845 he wrote many works to
defend the Church. This energy it needs disputes implica life. In him,
and make use of certatore, honesty and respect for the miracle of those
with whom we had discussions, as well as the love of truth. In his
works, his correspondence, his speech, His spirituality, led in turn to
the pastoral care of the efficacy of thereof, and taking into account
not extend further, beyond the city to Oxford.
Him, indeed, brought it to the desire of the Church on the
Church of the Fathers of the English for the first time to be doubted:
it turns out that in the year 1839. Six years consistently sought the
true light, even the use of prayer and fasting.
This investigation period were sour his anguish, anxiety
is not a cause of grief to relatives and acquaintances, friends
incomprehensio injury which is openly affected. However, the
investigation continued. The study of the development of doctrine, she
suggested it, the followers of the Reformed churches, which he called
himself the “the Roman corruptions”, to be, on the contrary, he set out,
and the scourge of the Catholic Church, and the Church Fathers, in the
revelation of the knowledge of the true one to be. Convinced that it is
to enter into, had to himself, accepted by the Church by Blessed Dominic
Barberi of Rome on the 9th of the month of October in the year of 1845.
After he passed over to the Catholic Church, thanks to the
space of John Henry Cardinal Newman a long period of meditation, of
prayer and study, it must be sought at all devoted to the will of God,
and brought him to the priest who, on the 30 of the month of May in the
year 1847 in Rome, have taken something. Choose the way of the
Confederation of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri, by the judgment of a
truly spiritual, and has arranged to establish the Oratory in
Birmingham. There rest of their lives, a pastor totally dedicated to the
service of the poor.
There is a passage to the Catholic Church was the cause of
labors and sufferings; but, as he was afterwards made known to her the
presence of Christ in the Blessed Sacrament was given to him at that
time, the source of the protection also of the consolation.
Eager to promote Catholic intellectual education, has
received the Rector of Studies of the Catholic University of Dublin.
This is a faithful defender of the truth, speak, when he
and the Roman clergy, they are, he said, divulge, what a beautiful work,
entitled “Apologia pro vita sua” (in the year 1864).
The salvation of the souls of the priest, of the mind of
the burning, the light, hath given to the exchange of messages by means
of the help of a great many of the orthodox and non-Catholics, who
turned to him, in their doubts and difficulties.
A faithful servant of Christ and of the Church, the spouse
of his will, with the Second Vatican Council 1, which defined the
infallibility of the Roman Pontiff, he defended the decrees of the
Council sent a clear letter, addressed to the Duke of Norfolk.
The year of 1879 by the Pope Leo XIII, which should have
the air on account of the great intelligence and learning related to
cardinaliciam been raised to the dignity; Consequently magnificent got a
whole nation admired. So the most important, however, to lead their
life of simplicity, dedicated to the pastoral care of the whole of those
who were approaching him in the Oratory of Birmingham. Full of feelings
about blindness, and therefore not fit to read constantly reciting the
rosary, which he called one of the most beautiful devotions.
He neared death, a calm and of good courage, as a good
soldier of Christ, went to meet him. In Birmingham on the 11th day of
the month of August, in the year 1890 is the life of a dead man.
His body now lies in the church has been shown. To salute
him, and that they might have a multitude of men of every rank, and of
faith came to him, who had been a shining example of them, filled with
goodness, and the shepherd.
The depth of the theological thought of John Henry Newman,
and the gravity of such a nature that, many of the doctors point of
view, like the Fathers of the Church may appear to be the most
important. Moreover, priestly charity, which consists in the constant
and fruitful ministry of the shows, is the concept of evil is sealed of
the true shepherd: he turned himself to the poor that the motion, which,
so far as she could, she assisted; entered the souls entrusted to his
care, and many others who, everywhere in the nation, spiritual solace
and advice needed.
These are the two main ones being of his piety and the
fear of the lines of: These are the things in it, and are suitable to
fit to each other, and this is the power of that great day of the
affection of the soul, which is its own, making him a man of faith and
prayer. Some of the prayers of many of the hymns of this testifies about
the writings and, above all, their spiritual and liturgical patrimony
of the Church, which is now a part of the Catholic Church, as well as of
What is wonderful is it in him, but the reason is a
lifestyle, and so simple and frugal, is entirely situated in the Lord,
who is present in the Eucharist, and in the hearts of believers, it is
animated by the Spirit from his, like the Divine Master, who, returned
it to the meek and humble of heart, “our forgiveness and the the
gentleness for a rich man “to the poor, the humble, the mercy of God to
those in need.
On account of the day for this very age has very suitable
for the properties of the Servant of God and the world through the
proclamation of today has an important part.
Spreading of his reputation of holiness, which flourished
in the living, after his death, increased; Now, therefore, made by the
process of the Ordinary of the information, the beginning of the
celebration of the causes of canonization of Archbishop of Birmingham
(years 1958-1986), whose authority is the Decree of the Congregation for
the Causes of Saints the Positio had been recognized over the life of
the 20th day of the month of February in the year 1989., in the meantime
drawn up by agents of heroicity of his activity and of virtue, an act
of the same year, the 12th day of the month of December in the Congress
and the 20th day of the month of April in the year 1990 is the history
consultors and a special Congress on the virtues, which he ruled, the
promoter of the Faith Bev.mus Rev. Anthony Petti. The Cardinals and the
Bishops, 8 of the month of January of the year in the 1991 Ordinary
Session of the Congregation, the Cause, Em.mo by Cardinal Joseph Caprio,
the theological virtues of the Servant of God John Henry Newman, and
the cardinals, and attached to the exercised a profession of being
On all these points Having received from the undersigned
Cardinal Prefect an accurate and faithful obedience to the Supreme
Pontiff John Paul II, by pride, by His Holiness, and ratifying the votes
of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, having received the
ordered that the Decree on the heroic virtues of the Servant of God to
That order was made, as well as the Cause, who called me
to Himself today’s the day of the Cardinal Prefect, had granted to the
undersigned Secretary and others according to custom having been
convoked, and to them that stood by, the Holy Father solemnly declared: Proofs
exist of the theological virtues of faith, hope and the love of God and
neighbor, as well as the cardinal virtues of prudence, justice,
Temperance and Fortitude, attached to them, to a heroic degree, the
Servant of God John Henry Newman, Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church,
founder of the Oratories of Saint Philip Neri in England, in the case of
and for the purpose of debate.
This, however, in the acts of the Congregation for the
Causes of Saints, and the publication of the decree of the Supreme
Pontiff has ordered that.
Given at Rome, on the 22nd day of January AD 1991.
ANGEL card. Felici, Prefect
archiep. tit. Lunensis in Secretis